They change the world as we know it. They had the same mission to organize all the world information and make it available to every one of us through the power of technology in an industry where innovation is just a part of the job description, Larry Page and Sergey Brin have become the virtual master of the universe in information. Today we talk about one of the most innovative influential and powerful entrepreneurs; Larry Page, and this is his biography.

Larry Page

Sergey Brin

Larry Page was born on March 26th in Michigan his father Carl Victor Page was a pioneer in computer science and artificial intelligence (AI) and his mother told computer programming. After learning a bachelor’s degree in engineering from The University of Michigan, Larry Page decided to concentrate on computer engineering at Stanford university that he met Sergey Brin as a research project at Stanford University, who page and print create of the search engine that listed results according to the popularity of pages, after concluding that the most popular result would often be the most useful, they called the search engine GOOGLE, after mathematical term googol which refers to the number 1 followed by hundred zeros (10100), to reflect their mission to organize the immense amount, after raising $1 million from family, friends, and other investors, Page launch the company in 1998.

Google has since then become the world’s most popular search engine, receiving an average of 5.9 billion searches per day headquartered in the heart of California’s Silicon Valley, Google held its IPO in August 2004, making Larry Page and Sergey Brin as one of the youngest billionaires. In 2006, Google purchased one of the most popular websites YouTube for $1.65 billion. In September 2013, Larry Page was ranked number 13th on the Forbes 400 list of richest people in America, that October he was ranked number 17th on Forbes most powerful people list. As Google’s CEO, Larry Page shares responsibility for the company’s day to day operations with Sergey Brin, who served as director of special projects for Google.

On 10th August 2015, Larry Page and Sergey Brin announced the creation of a new parent company ALPHABET, to oversee Google and other subsidiaries, Larry Page and Sergey Brin was said to serve as the new company’s CEO and president, respectively. Well, Larry Page and Sergey Brin have changed the way we get information, they are very determined, innovative, rule-breaking Stanford droppers. The two-game changers in the tech industry.

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Mark Zuckerberg was a Harvard freshman. Less than a decade later he is the face of the multi-billionaire power broker that connects over one billion people around the world. Currently, he is the only 33 and is one of the five founders of the biggest social network, FACEBOOK.

In 2016, his network’s estimated worth was $48.9 billion, which also makes him one of the youngest billionaires on this planet. His coding experience begins with learning the Atari BASIC programming with the help of his father, but he was learning so fast that his dad needed to hire a professional developer just to train him. While he was still in school, he took a college graduate program in computer programming, he built a program called Zucknet with a computer at home could communicate with his father’s computer at his dental practice.

He also used his creativity to built computer games, often out of ideas his friends were drawn from him. In college, he was already known as programming prodigy due to the work he had done in high school. In the college, he wrote a program called CourseMatch that help students make the decision about the courses they wanted to take, based on the choices of others. In Harvard, the students have books called facebooks that they have names and pictures of people. Mark build a website that randomly showed two pictures of males and two of females on it. People that visited the site had to choose which person was hotter.

This site was called FaceMash and it went up in just one week, it was built just for fun but it became so popular that the college shut it down because of its popularity, as it caused the Harvard servers to crash because of the heavy load it caused and also some students didn’t like the idea of their pictures being used without their permission, and Mark Zuckerberg was forced to apologize for his action. In 2004, he begins to write a new website which he called TheFacebook along with Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Chris Hughes, and Dustin Moskovitz was the other co-founders of the website. The site was initially just a Harvard site but soon expanded to other colleges and universities. The social project started getting momentum really fast and Mark Zuckerberg decided to drop out of college and dedicate his time entirely to the website. He and his team moved into a small house in Palo Alto, which later became the office of the young enterprise.

By 2005 TheFacebook was renamed as just “FACEBOOK”. The site opened up to anyone over age 13 in 2006. By 2007 the site had over 100,000 businesses listing their companies on Facebook and creating pages. By 2011 it became the largest photograph host and had over 350 million people accessing the website. On May 18th, 2012, Facebook made its IPO offering 421 million shares to private investors at a price of $38, this set the value of the whole company at $104 billion, which made the Facebook the biggest business going public till then almost everybody wanted to buy a base of the blooming social miracle. So raising almost $16 billion from the market was like the walk in the park. The end result of this hard work is one of the world’s biggest social media and online business.

Startup Stories brings you Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg biography and success story. He is now the face of the multi-millionaire company. Mark Zuckerberg is named among the 100 wealthiest and most influential people in the world.

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In an era of the digital world, One needs to secure their account and adopt a powerful security feature. Nowadays when everything from payment to discussion and messaging to networking going digital, it's important to adopt a security or authentication features.To avoid any inconveniences related to fraud or hacking, please follow below steps:

1. Do not share your One time Password (OTP) to anyone either by call or email.
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3. Always keep your password confidential and never share with anyone you know or you don't know.
4. Beware of websites & social media pages that are propagating fake offers like person to person transfers to specific bank accounts or any other account.
5. Do not share your customer details, transaction IDs or order IDs over unsolicited calls.
6. Do not enter your Paytm account credentials anywhere except
7. Change your password regularly.
8. Never share your card or bank details with anyone.
9. Create your password in an alphanumeric way using alphabets, numbers, special characters.

And Yes You can use security features to lock your paytm app so that nobody can use your app without your consent.

Always set up a screen lock/Pin/Password for your phone to avoid any misuse in case of theft or phone loss. Once enabled, you can secure your Paytm account with the App Lock Password. 
Find out how to enable it:

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Character-Oriented I/O

We have discussed token-oriented input, performed when you use the operator  >> on streams and file streams.  Token-oriented input reads a token, an item (generally) separated from the next token by whitespace characters. We have also discussed line-oriented input, performed  by getline(), which reads an entire line of input.  C++ has a third kind of I/O, character-oriented I/O, which reads in or prints out one character at a time.  Character-oriented I/O is performed by the functions get() and put().

The get() Function
The  stream input function specifically designed for input of a single character value is get().  In its most common form, this function reads a single character (including a whitespace character; remember that whitespace characters are spaces, tabs and newline characters) from the keyboard   and returns it.  Typically, the value returned is assigned to a variable of type char.  

The general form of a call to get() to read a character from an input stream infile into a variable ch:

ch = infile.get();

• The stream can be a file stream, like infile, or it can be cin.
• If it attempts to read past the end of input, the stream variable gets a value indicating failure.

Why Do We Need get()?
You might ask why we need the get() function, since the extraction operator >> is capable of reading a character from a stream. The answer is that the extraction operator will not read whitespace characters. Suppose you want to read all the characters in this line and count them:

This is the string.
If you were to read this string character by character with the >> operator and count the characters, you would read in 16 characters. If you were to read it character by character with get(), you would read in 19 characters, counting the spaces. (And if you were to read it with getline(), you'd read the whitespace characters, but you'd read the whole string at once; and you couldn't count the characters as they are being read in.) 

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The Function change_one_line()

change_one_line() receives three parameters: line, oldstr, and newstr. It will replace each occurrence of oldstr in line by newstr. This is the most complicated of the functions. Good that we isolated it. Modular top-down programming.

The pseudocode follows:
receives line, oldstr, and newstr as parameters
while oldstr occurs in line
replace oldstr by newstr

• pos = line.find(old,pos+newstr.length());
don’t want to find oldstring again if oldstring is part of newstring e.g cause and because. Would create infinite loop.